Rome is an extraordinary city of history, art and culture.
A city that has faced many challenges, at times successfully, and at times having to count above all on the strength of character of its citizens, who mitigated with a spirit of cohesion, the impact of negative changes.
Rome is also experiencing a time of great change. The city covers a very large territory with complex governance, scarce acceptance of new ways of living and working, difficulty in accepting and introducing a culture of innovation, the enormous differences between one Municipality and another, the fact that most Roman citizens prefer to use their own transport. In a perspective of Resilience, these problems we consider to be opportunities.
The opportunity of making Rome become a city where human rights and welfare are values that come first, where it is easier to live and work; where tangible and intangible heritage acquired in past decades is not lost; and where there are strong basic cultural competencies and social relationships.
Rome can be an inclusive and supportive city with an exceptional natural, historic, and cultural heritage that intends to safeguard its past, present, and future by promoting environmental sustainability, economic development, public spirit and well-being.
Key goals of this strategic pillar include:
- Making the administration of the city more efficient, transparent and participatory, ensuring the monitoring of works
- Encouraging centralized governance
- Implementing the development of the smart city
The first priority action is to create a planned system for a single operating center for the ordinary and emergency management of the city.
The long-term goal is to achieve a Single Operations Center that brings together permanently all the stakeholders of the City Government (representatives of different Departments, agencies and service companies), and which incorporates the different operating centers already present in the city, into one integrated command and control center to manage ordinary and emergency situations. The system includes the creation of a powerful technological infrastructure to manage and integrate all the data and information of traffic, mobility, transport, weather and supervision cameras in real time. The first step to complete this action will be the implementation of an integrated risks and emergencies management system, according to which a centralized territorial information technology system will be created for the management of risks (earthquake risks, hydrological instability, gravitational instability, fire, extreme climatic events etc.) and the emergencies monitored by the Rome Civil Protection, in addition to the coordination of the operational procedures of planning, prevention and intervention, and interactive communications with citizens.
The second priority action is to establish a Resilience Office.
For the implementation of this strategy, the Resilience Office will be formally established and institutionalized and it will have the task, through interaction with the structures of Rome and other stakeholders, of ensuring the feasibility of the actions set out in the Plan; monitoring the implementation status of the actions; updating the Plan at regular intervals; encouraging a culture of resilience with citizens, schools and the administration of Rome; encouraging the creation of a network of people and stakeholders active in the field of resilience; and finding European funding to increase urban resilience.
Key goals of this pillar include:
- Promoting the cultural life of the city
- Promoting urban regeneration
- Promoting the regeneration of the natural heritage and landscape in the urban environment
- Promoting the agricultural tradition of the city
- Improving the attractive capacity and safety of Rome as a whole
- Ensuring the safe use of urban spaces and public and private heritage
- Adapting the city to climate change
The first priority action is to govern the relaunch of the River Tiber by implementing projects coordinated by the Special Office for the Tiber.
It has always been very difficult for Rome to protect the precarious equilibrium of the Tiber River. Despite the fact that the alluvial areas of the river continue to have many different types of shrubs and animals, the River Tiber is almost completely divorced from the lives of the citizens of Rome who only become aware of the Tiber in times of flooding. The Tiber however involves many different aspects such as the environment, cultural events, transport, urban planning and sports. Finally, the current urban regeneration processes are now considering the direct relationship between the river and the city to be of great importance.
The project to relaunch the river is an extremely complex one in terms of administration and maintenance management. On 30/10/2017, the current Administration of Rome established the Special Tiber Office (Ufficio Speciale Tevere, UST) that has functions which include the historical-environmental improvement of the River Tiber- in the urban section – through a maintenance program, and the protection of the river water and shores with innovative monitoring tools. The Special Office for the Tiber helps to simplify the technical and administrative formalities involving the River Tiber and its tributaries, and ensures that planners and stakeholders who perform works in the alluvial area receive prompt feedback from the Public Administration, while encouraging the collaboration of citizens in design and planning activities. UST projects involve all the City Council Offices and the relevant Departments. One of the first achievements of the Office was the planning project for the redevelopment of a number of parks along the banks of the River Tiber, and intensive monitoring of river and alluvial areas thanks to the planning and introduction of innovative systems.
The link between the UST, the Local Police and the Civil Protection is an important one and ensured greater supervision of degraded areas and the introduction of urgent safety measures. One of the key outcomes is the creation of permanent work groups promoted by the UST whose members include Lazio region, the Basin Authority of the Central Apennine Hydrographic District, Rome Harbour Office, Civitavecchia Fiumicino and Gaeta Port Authority and the Tiber and Agro Romano Reclamation Consortium.
The second priority action is to evaluate the resilience potential of the regeneration of Ostiense Marconi district.
Introduction of tools for the assessment of the resilience potential of projects for the implementation of the Urban Project for the regeneration of the Ostiense-Marconi district (PUOM).
This plan ensures the introduction of resilient measures at different scales: the implementation of the furnishings of public spaces and services, on the transport system above all on sustainable mobility, and the social-economic and environmental impacts for the entire territory.
The district, which has an important University area, abandoned areas and buildings, will be redeveloped with the construction of a new road system and a transport interchange at the Marconi Metro B stop, reconnecting of the urban fabric and its relationship with the River, as well as the recovery of the abandoned heritage focusing on urban quality, in order to respond to the problems caused by the population density. Planning of the land and public spaces that connect the different projects may be an opportunity for resilience.
The third priority action is to change the way that sites of archaeological and cultural heritage are used, accessed and promoted to enable Rome’s citizens to make the most of them in everyday life.
The project consists of actions and tools that allow the residents of Rome to freely experience the historical and artistic heritage of the City.
The first and most important action to permit Roman citizens to experience this incredible heritage in a totally new way, is to facilitate and encourage access to the network of the 21 Town Museums of the City. Visits to the museums will be encouraged by allowing citizens to buy a Mic Town Museum membership card at a symbolic fee of 5 Euros; membership allows unlimited admission to the permanent and temporary exhibitions of any Town Museum for 12 months.
The purpose of this initiative is to extend the right to cultural participation to residents that today are unable to enjoy this right in full, by facilitating access to the museum network in order to eliminate the idea that museums are beyond the reach of residents. That is why the project develops further activities that, on one hand, make museums more appealing by developing integrated ancillary spaces and services and, on the other hand, enliven the life of museums with cultural events, even by involving the stakeholders who organize training for young and very young people, thus reinventing the very function of Museums to make them dynamic and cultural attractions that are part of the public spaces of the City.
Another goal of the project is to enlarge the museums included in the Project by collaborating with Government museums, Archaeological parks, the Vatican museums etc.
Key goals of this pillar include:
- Promoting a hospitable city that respects diversity
- Promoting the cultural growth of vulnerable segments of the population
The first priority action is to implement a program to encourage everyone into sports to enable social integration of diverse communities.
The short/medium term goal is to promote inclusive sports, open to all, throughout the city, and especially focusing on redevelopment of the more disadvantaged and peripheral areas. Financial support to access sport is provided by the regulation to promote sports.This is used to finance specific projects as well as the annual activities of associations, federations and sports clubs. The challenge for sport in Rome is to make sport available to all Roman citizens, in order to promote the well-being and development of people, improving their quality of life.
One of the most successful initiatives introduced is the movable tennis courts project, supported by the Italian Tennis Federation and CONI. Given the success of this initiative, Rome intends to extend this practice and, with the collaboration of national and local sports Federations, will fit out temporary sports courts in all the Municipalities of the city. These movable and touring sports facilities, are easy to transport and assemble in areas such as squares, parks or beaches, and represent resilient solutions for urban systems that can adapt to increasingly complex challenges and changes.
The second priority action is to implement the new social integration program for asylum seekers and other people covered by international protection.
The protection system for asylum seekers and refugees (SPRAR) consists of the network of local authorities that use the national Fund for asylum policies and services to create integrated reception and accommodation programs. At a local level, using public tenders and third sector organizations, the local authorities provide “integrated reception and accommodation” actions including assistance and guidance through individual programs of socio-economic and residential integration, with an inclusive approach, whose scope is to reduce social conflict and develop a sense of belonging to the local community.
For example, the actions carried out by the third sector organizations include psychological counselling, cultural/linguistic mediation services, Italian language courses, the inclusion of children in schools, placement in professional training courses, professional internships, assistance for job placement, guidance and assistance for housing, the involvement of the beneficiaries in the activities offered in the area.
Rome participates with a proposal for a total of 3,103 places. Following the changes introduced by the managing bodies and the adaptation of some structures as to 31 December 2017, there are now 1,990 slots in the reception and accommodation (SPRAR) project. Rome has participated in the SPRAR youth project since 2008; as from 2017, 38 slots are available.
Key goals of this pillar include:
- Preserving the ecological network and recovering the value of water resources
- Pursuing energy efficiency and the use of renewable resources
- Creating sustainable mobility and introducing solutions to reduce pollution and greenhouse gas emissions
- Promoting a zero-waste circular economy
The first priority action is to renew the public vehicle fleet with the introduction of eco-sustainable buses.
Gradual replacement of the fleet of zero-emission public transport vehicles in Rome. The scope of this action is to reduce air and noise pollution, greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption caused by transport and vehicles, by renewing the fleet with environmentally sustainable buses. By 2025, the public transport fleet in Rome will include zero emission vehicles; this action will be completed as from 2025 when Rome will purchase only zero emission road transport fleets.
This will help to improve air quality, making Rome a more sustainable and livable city, and fulfil the commitments shared with other cities under the C40 Fossil-Fuel-Free Street Declaration.
The second priority action is to optimize separate waste collection of post-consumer materials.
The first action of the “Plan to reduce and manage post-consumption materials” of Rome is the reduction of the total volume of waste produced in the City. The objective of the Plan is to reduce waste by 200,000 tons year by 2021, with respect to the 1 million and 700,000 tons produced in 2016.
The 12 actions and 5 special projects under the Plan include two actions and one special project that are considered to be priorities: 1) the “Waters of Rome” action to promote the consumption of unbottled public water; 2) the action to promote the consumption of products sold without packaging (bulk or draught); 3) the special “zero impact markets” project. The project aims at preventing that unsold foods of the local markets of Rome become waste. Under food regulations to combat waste, the food recovered will be donated to nonprofit organizations engaged in social work.