100 Resilient Cities

Jakarta

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As a delta city and one of the fastest sinking cities in the world, Indonesia’s largest city is exposed to a variety of shocks and stresses.

The population growth and speed of urbanization increases the intensity and variety of stresses in the city such as congestion, crime rate, water scarcity, as well as the need of wastewater and waste services and other services.

Jakarta and the surrounding districts and cities (also known as Jabodetabek) are expected to be the largest megapolitan in the world, with a total population of 35.6 million people. Limited investment on public transport, and fragmented governance of the metropolitan region, remain a major challenge for the Government of Jakarta. At the human scale, limited coverage of basic services in DKI Jakarta, especially those related to access to clean water, wastewater and waste services, affects the level of health risk exposure of citizens.

Jakarta’s resilience strategy is a strategic and tactical response that is structured with the spirit of Jakarta as a city 4.0 or city that places governments as collaborators and communities as co-creators. This strategy was prepared collaboratively together with hundreds of stakeholders across government, community and business. The strategy promotes the achievement of three resilience pillars namely READY Jakarta, HEALTHY Jakarta, and CONNECTED Jakarta. The city does not start from scratch, the ongoing resilience building initiatives are aligned with this strategy to build wider and impactful collaborations. Thus, this strategy can be a roadmap to realize the resilience vision of Jakarta, which provides equal opportunity for all its citizens to live safe, healthy, prosperous, and happy through public service and innovation.

01 Ready Jakarta A ready city that is able to mitigate and adapt in the face of shocks and stresses, including disasters risks and impacts of climate change.

02 Healthy Jakarta A healthy city that guarantees the accessibility of clean water, wastewater and sustainable waste management services

03 Connected Jakarta A connected city that promotes the connectivity and mobility of each of its residents by providing affordable inter-modal public transportation and accessible communication system for inter-citizen networks

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01

A ready city that is able to mitigate and adapt in the face of shocks and stresses, including disasters risks and impacts of climate change.

As a city with various risks of shocks and stresses, people in Jakarta must be prepared and understand how to respond to disasters. In addition, when shocks occur, infrastructure and basic services must remain functioning to support the citizens of Jakarta through such crisis conditions.

READY Jakarta will promote the culture of readiness, development of coordination systems both before, during, and after the disaster and reduced levels of vulnerability in various regions in Jakarta. READY Jakarta will embody these following directions:

  1. Increasing understanding of risks of shocks and stresses
  2. Promoting environmentally sound urban management
  3. Encouraging increased investment and accelerating infrastructure development to deal with risks of shocks and stresses
  4. Encouraging the utilization of information technology to deal with shocks and stresses
  5. Creating proactive stakeholders that are ready to face disaster risk and climate change impacts

02

A healthy city that guarantees the accessibility of clean water, wastewater and sustainable waste management services

Basic service limitations related to clean water, wastewater, and waste disposal increases health risks for residents of Jakarta. Not only in terms of quantity, in terms of quality is also still a problem. For example, most of the surface water in Jakarta is in severe polluted conditions. In terms of health, gastroenteritis and dengue fever, two diseases associated with unhealthy environment, are two types of diseases with the highest number of cases in Jakarta.

HEALTHY Jakarta will encourage increased access to clean water services, increased coverage of wastewater services, free open defecation from Jakarta, and improve waste management. HEALTHY Jakarta will embody these following directions:

  1. Optimizing water utilization
  2. Driving acceleration of clean water supply
  3. Improving wastewater treatment quality
  4. Encouraging waste management at sources

03

A connected city that promotes the connectivity and mobility of each of its residents by providing affordable inter-modal public transportation and accessible communication system for inter-citizen networks

Jakarta is often rated the worst city for traffic in the world. Each day there are 45-50 million trips and only majority of the trips are with private vehicles. This situation impedes the Jakartans in their productivity and also increases geographic inequality, especially for low-income communities. In addition, traffic congestion contributes to the health risks of Jakarta’s population due to the increased intensity of air pollution. Jakarta also needs to improve its communication infrastructure and increase access to public information.

CONNECTED Jakarta will encourage increased mobility by public transportation and improve the connectedness of Jakarta with infrastructure and access to information. CONNECTED Jakarta will embody these following directions:

  1. Encouraging system integration and strengthening public transport policies
  2. Driving Jakarta’s transformation into a responsive smart city
  3. Expanding service coverage and public transport accessibility

Read Jakarta's Resilience Strategy